Community Resources

For further information on educational programs, rights, and advocacy for incarcerated and formerly incarcerated men and women, please see the following community resources.

Education / Training

The Prisoner Reentry Institute’s (PRI) diversified portfolio reflects an overall focus on understanding what it takes for people to live successfully in their communities after contact with the criminal justice system, and on increasing the effectiveness of the professionals who work with them.

Last month the Prisoner Reentry Institute released a report titled “Mapping the Landscape of Higher Education in New York State Prisons.” This 100 plus page report includes extensive information about the current higher education programs in New York’s State prisons.  It also provides considerable background about the emergence of the currently operating programs.

Jefferson Community College (JCC) is among those organizations that is receiving funding, over $665,175 for five years. With CJII funds, JCC will expand programming at the Cape Vincent Correctional Facility and offer courses at the Gouverneur and Watertown Correctional facilities. Incarcerated students will take Liberal Arts core courses in Humanities, Social Sciences, Science and Mathematics, and be guided to take courses that fit their specific career and educational goals. The College is committed to developing a re-entry support structure that includes individualized education and career planning and extensive referral services. The College intends to partners with community agencies to support the successful transition of students.

Attica inmates are once again able to receive a college education from Genesee Community College, although this time it’s through a privately funded grant. History and English classes are being taught to Attica Correctional Facility inmates who are scheduled to be released in the near future. Instructor of English Michael Gosselin, who teaches composition there, said that the inmates had to apply.“Whatever they do, it is like applying for Yale. It’s the best of the best,” he said. Derek Maxfield, instructor of History at GCC, also agreed the process was tough. “They must of course be college ready. They must also have a clean behavior record at the prison,” he said. “They pay for all of their supplies too.” This isn’t the first time inmates have had the opportunity to learn while serving time in prison. The program, championed by GCC President Dr. Stuart Steiner, had been previously federally funded.

Students in “Life/Sentences” will have class in a medium security state prison 50 miles from campus, alongside incarcerated classmates in a setting modeled on the Inside-Out Prison Exchange Program begun at Temple University. All students will be interviewed by the professor before enrolled into the course.

A February 2008 New York Times story reported on America’s “Incarceration Crisis”: 1 in every 99.1 U.S. adults was behind bars, 1.6 million in prison (up by 25000 from 2007) and another 723,000 in local jails, the highest rate of incarceration for any nation in modern history. Yet, despite the scope of the issue, most of us know very little about prison life. Prison walls are meant to keep inmates in, of course, but they also hold the rest of us out. Closer to home, prisons dot our local North Country landscape like blind spots, says Simone-Weil Davis, so that our internalized maps of home are “skewed, pitted with lacunae.”  And these blind spots impoverish us and impede social change. Students in “Life/Sentences” will interrogate this cultural ignorance experiencing prison life firsthand at Riverview Correctional Facility, discuss issues surrounding contemporary prisons with incarcerated classmates, and via first-person narratives about prison life. (CBL) This course fulfills the FYP general education requirement.

The New York University Prison Education Program (NYU PEP) is a college program that offers credit-bearing courses and educational programming leading to an Associate of Arts Degree from New York University in Liberal Studies to men incarcerated at Wallkill Correctional Facility, located in Ulster County, New York.

All of our courses are taught in person and in classrooms that are equipped with desks and audiovisual technology. By offering transferrable credits and resources for developing critical skills and relationships, we are committed to supporting the educational and professional goals both for our students in prison and upon their release.

Since 1982 New York Theological Seminary has been one of the most unusual programs in theological education in the nation.  Each year up to fifteen students who are currently incarcerated in New York State enroll in the Seminary’s accredited Master of Professional Studies (MPS) degree offered inside the Sing Sing Correctional Facility in Ossining, New York.

Candidates for the program must apply to NYTS through a regular application process.  Those who are accepted are transferred to Sing Sing ( if they are not already housed there), where they enroll in a one-year, 36-credit graduate degree course of study.  Candidates must demonstrate promise for leadership and an active faith commitment, hold an accredited undergraduate degree, and meet all of the Seminary’s other standards for admission.  Many elect to move from medium- or even minimum-security prisons to the maximum-security environment of Sing Sing in order to attend the program.

Once enrolled, candidates attend classes five days a week.  The MPS curriculum provides foundational study in the various disciplines of theological education:  Old and New Testament, foundations of ministry, church history, theology, ethics, pastoral care and counseling, religious education, and program design and administration.  Candidates for the program are expected to be a part of a community of learning that is committed to the intellectual, moral, and spiritual dimensions of ministry and service.  They must forego regular weekday visits during the year they are in the program in order to meet the attendance requirements for classes.  Instruction in classes is provided by members of the Seminary’s core and adjunct faculty.  Courses are designed to be relevant to the prison environment, with a strong emphasis on spiritual integration, community accountability, and service to others.  Candidates for the degree are also required to work in field education within Sing Sing under the supervision of the NYTS Program Director, Dr. Edward L. Hunt.  They serve as peer counselors, chaplain’s assistants, or tutors in one of the educational programs offered within the facility.  Candidates must have a 3.0 GPA to be in good standing and graduate.  A special graduation service is held inside Sing Sing each year on the second Wednesday of June at 6 in the evening, with members of the NYTS board of trustees, faculty and administration, and candidates’ family members and other guests in attendance.

New York State Governor Andrew M. Cuomo and Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus R. Vance, Jr. recently announced that Medaille College is one of seven state colleges or universities to receive grant money to offer courses to offenders in state correctional facilities. Faculty from Medaille will instruct offenders at Albion Correctional Facility. Those who participate in the College-in-Prison Reentry Program are eligible to receive associate degrees in liberal studies from Medaille.

Education in correctional facilities is crucial to preparing that person for a successful reentry into the community, reduce the rate of recidivism, and improve public safety. A study conducted by the Rand Corporation in 2013 ‎found that individuals who participate in correctional facility education programs are 43 percent less likely to recidivate and return to correctional facilities, and 13 percent more likely to obtain employment after their release.

In April 2014, a panel of educators convened at Bennington to exchange ideas and practical advice around the topic of what liberal arts colleges can contribute to higher education in prisons, and what that contribution can mean for both the incarcerated and for the participating colleges. This convening led to the creation of the Prison Education Initiative (PEI) at Bennington College, which launched in fall 2015 at Great Meadow Correctional Facility in Comstock, New York.

This program responds to the urgent need for incarceration reform in this country. The 1994 Crime Bill withdrew all financial support for incarcerated students, yet the benefits of such education are clear: higher education in prison reduces the likelihood of recidivism and improves the ability of those released to find employment. Every dollar spent on adult college education programs saves the taxpayer between $4 and $5. Beyond recidivism, PEI is investing in additional metrics to better understand the broad impact of college education on prison communities.

Education and hope are vital to rehabilitation. That’s why Marymount Manhattan College offers college-prep and degree programs to the women incarcerated at the Bedford Hills Correctional Facility, a maximum-security prison.

The Bedford Hills College Program (BHCP) offers courses leading to an Associates of Arts degree in Social Sciences and a Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology. Marymount Manhattan College is the sole degree-granting institution of the BHCP, which also includes college-prep courses in writing and math.

The College provides textbooks and school supplies, and the College Learning Center has a networked computer lab, a library, and an area for students to meet with professors and tutors.

We consider Bedford students a part of the MMC student community, and maintain the same general education and major requirements. Approximately 14–16 courses of all levels are offered each semester. Students typically take 2-3 courses per semester.

Affiliate Universities:Bank Street College, Barnard College,Columbia University, Manhattan College, Manhattanville College, Pace University, Sarah Lawrence College,SUNY Purchase, Union Theological Seminary

The Bard Prison Initiative (BPI) creates the opportunity for incarcerated men and women to earn a Bard College degree while serving their sentences. The academic standards and workload are rigorous, based on an unusual mix of attention to developmental skills and ambitious college study. The rate of post-release employment among the program’s participants is high and recidivism is stunningly low. By challenging incarcerated men and women with a liberal education, BPI works to redefine the relationship between educational opportunity and criminal justice.


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We seek to strengthen the rule of law; respect for human rights, minorities, and a diversity of opinions; democratically elected governments; and a civil society that helps keep government power in check.

We help to shape public policies that assure greater fairness in political, legal, and economic systems and safeguard fundamental rights.

We implement initiatives to advance justice, education, public health, and independent media.

We build alliances across borders and continents on issues such as corruption and freedom of information.

Working in every part of the world, the Open Society Foundations place a high priority on protecting and improving the lives of people in marginalized communities.